Oral hygiene is an oral disease-preventive practice that helps in maintaining both the teeth and mouth free from common dental conditions such as gingivitis, dental caries, as well as bad breath. Practicing good oral hygiene not only prevents oral diseases, but also facilitates the development of oral pathologic conditions which are vital for the regeneration and healing process of oral tissues.
Oral hygiene encompass regular teeth brushing including proper cleaning between the teeth that maintains your teeth and gums. In addition, oral hygiene also involves proper tongue cleaning, mouth washing, feeding, and a healthy diet with a low intake of sugary foods and drinks. Proper oral hygiene also includes regular dental checkups (at least once per year), and the avoidance of smoking. Taking these steps results in a mouth that smells and looks healthy, which includes healthy, pink gums that do not bleed or hurt when flossing or brushing and clean teeth free from debris, and good breath.
Most of the oral diseases such as gingivitis and dental caries are caused by bacteria that live in the mouth in the form of plaque, which can also lead to the development of periodontal (gum) disease. The plaque consists of a sticky layer of food residual that clogs and accumulates on the teeth, especially on places where toothbrushes may not reach. Ingested foods, mostly sugary foods, are common sources of plaque that causes the bacteria in the mouth to produce acids. This acid irritates the gums, causing them to appear red, sensitive and vulnerable to bleeding and thus increasing the risk of gum disease. If left untreated, the bones surrounding the teeth may degenerate, making the teeth loose.
In order to get rid of plaque, an appointment with Avenue Dental Care would enable proper brushing and cleaning between your teeth in order to remove the accumulated plaque from the teeth surfaces. We recommend you use a soft-bristled tooth brush with appropriate size and shape that fits in the mouth and easily reaches all areas in the mouth. Furthermore, brushing your teeth with antimicrobial toothpaste containing fluoride protects your teeth from decay. Proper brushing technique involves cleaning both the inner and outer surfaces of your teeth to remove the food debris, as well as cleaning the tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath. Flossing involves removing plaque between the teeth where the toothbrush may not reach hence protecting the gums from bacteria. Flossing helps to clean beneath the gum line by following the curves of the teeth with caution.
In conclusion, practicing good oral hygiene is vital in maintaining both healthy teeth and gums and promoting your overall wellbeing. Good oral hygiene helps you maintain self-confidence through fresh breath, as well as enables you to speak and eat properly. Therefore, it is important to observe daily preventive care such as proper brushing and flossing practices, eating a healthy diet, and going for regular dental check-ups in order to maintain your oral hygiene.